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Notice about use of copyrighted materials on this site

This Web site uses copyrighted materials: excerpts from The Book of Embraces by Eduardo Galeano (translated by Cedric Belfrage) mostly, but also photos and other images, and short quotations from a variety of news and other sources. The "fair use" of copyrighted materials is covered by the United States Code Title 17 Section 107, which is reproduced below:

Sec. 107 of the United States Code. Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:

(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;

(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;

(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and

(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

How this site stacks up:

(1) This Web site is the result of a class project by Ohio University freshmen. Its purpose is educational and it is nonprofit.

(2) The copyrighted work (in the case of The Book of Embraces) is a translated work of literature.

(3) This site uses only fifteen abrazos, or short fragments, from Galeano's work. It also uses images corresponding to those five fragments. The Book of Embraces includes 195 such fragments (almost all with corresponding images) on 273 pages. That works out to be 7.7% counted that way. Pagewise, this site reproduces the work of 16 pages out of 273, or 5.8%. I (Patrick Madden, class's teacher) am not up to counting the use wordwise.

(4) Although it is hard to predict such things, it is my opinion that this site can only increase interest in and sales of Eduardo Galeano's books. This site includes links to Galeano's books on, an online bookseller where those interested in reading more can buy Galeano's books.

In summary, this Web site fits the description of "Fair Use" given by the U.S. Code in every way. What's more, the intention of this site is to honor and analyze Eduardo Galeano's writing as a means of understanding our world better and making our writing better.

For more on United States copyright laws, and to see where the above text comes from, see the Cornell Law School's Legal Information Institute Web page at

For what it's worth, the LII states on their page that "The United States Code itself is public domain. Portions of the US Code retrieved via these pages can be used and redistributed without permission from the LII or the U.S. Government Printing Office. Distribution of these pages on the Internet does not constitute consent to any use of this material for commercial redistribution either via the Internet or using some other form of hypertext distribution. Links to the collection or individual pages in it are welcome."

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